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水稻抗洪涝灾害栽培技术措施

来源:秒速赛车开户_秒速赛车登录_信誉首选 2020-06-18 11:19 字号:

    一、洪涝灾害对水稻生产的影响 

  BAOYUHONGLAOZAIHAIYIBANFASHENGZAI5~7YUE。HONGSHUIDUIDAOZHUWEIHAIDECHENGDUYINYANMEISHIJIANZHANGDUANHESHUIDAOSHENGYUSHIDUANBUTONGERYI: YISHIQINGDUSHOUSUN,YANSHUI1TIANYINEIHUODAOZHUSHENGYUQICHUZAIFENNIEQI、YOUSUIXINGCHENGCHUQIHEYIKAISHIGUANJIANGJIESHIQI;ERSHIZHONGDUSHOUSUN,SHUIDAOZAOSHOUHONGSHUIYANMEIlTIANYISHANGHUOZHENGZHIYUNSUIQIYANMEI10XIAOSHIYISHANG,YANZHONGYINGXIANGSHUIDAOFENNIEHUODAOZHUSHENGYUYICHANG,BUNENGZHENGCHANGYANGHUAJIESHI,DAOZHISHUIDAOJIANCHANFUDUDA;SANSHIYANZHONGHUISUN,DAOTIANZAOSHOUHONGSHUICHONGHUIHUOYINHONGSHUIYANMEISHIJIANZHANG,ZAOCHENGSHUIDAOYANZHONGDAOFU,GENXIFULANFACHOU,DAOZHUKUHUANGSIWANG,CHUYUYUNSUIQIDEDAOZHUYEYABUNENGMENGFASHENZHANG,BIAOMINGSHUIDAOYANZHONGSHOUSUN,JIBENJUESHOU。

  二、水稻抗洪涝灾害栽培技术对策 

  (一)轻度受损田块田间管理 

  1.JISHIQINGGOUPAILAO。BEIYANTIANKUAIYAOJISHIKAIGOU、WATIANQUEPAICHUHONGSHUI、YUNI,SHICHUYUFENNIEQIDETIANKUAIBAOCHIQIANSHUICUFENNIE,CHUYUFENNIEZHONGHOUQIDETIANKUAIPAIGANTIANSHUICUGENXISHENGZHANG,BAOZHENGSHUIDAOZHENGCHANGSHENGZHANG。

秒速赛车开户  2.XIYEFUMIAO。SHUIDAOSHOUZAIHOUJIYIFASHENGXIJUNXINGBINGHAI。HONGSHUITUIHOUJISHIPOSHUIXIYEFUMIAO,YIHUIFUDAOYEGUANGHEZUOYONG,KEYONGNONGYONGLIANMEISU500~600BEIYEPENWUFANGZHI。TONGSHIYAOZHUAHAOSHUIDAOZHONGHOUQIBINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI。

  3.GENWAIZHUIFEI。HONGLAOZAIHAIRONGYIYINQITURANGYANGFENYANZHONGLIUSHI,DAOZHIYINGYANGBUZU,YINGXIANGSHUIDAOSHENGZHANGFAYU。KEZAISHOUZAIHOUYEMIANPENSHI1%NIAOSUHE0.5%LINSUANERQINGJIA,ZENGJIASHUIDAOYINGYANG,ZENGJIAZHIZHUKANGNIXING,CUJINFENNIEDUOFAHESUIDADUOLI,JIANSHAOZAIHAISUNSHI。

秒速赛车开户  4.XULIUZAISHENGDAODETIANKUAI,SHISHIZULIANGSHIHAOCUYAFEIHEKANYASHOUGETOUJI。SHUIDAOSHOUYANHOU,YINJIESHILVHEQIANLIZHONGXIAJIANG,ZAISHENGYAMENGFAZAO、MENGFAKUAI,YAOGENJUZAISHENGYASHENZHANGQINGKUANG,JIANGULIANGJI,SHISHISHOUHUO,GAOLIUDAOZHUANG,BAOLIUDAOERYA。

  (二)重度受损田块田间管理 

  SHUIDAOZAOSHOUHONGLAOZAIHAIHOU,DISHANGBUFENYANZHONGSHOUHAI,BUNENGZHENGCHANGCHOUSUIYANGHUA,JINGDUANDAOSUIYANZHONGSHOUSUN,YINGGEMIAOXULIUHONGSHUIZAISHENGDAO。

秒速赛车开户  1.KANYADINGGEMIAOSHIJIAN。SHOUYAN1TIANZUOYOUDETIANKUAI,TUISHUIHOUXU1ZHOUZUOYOUGEMIAO,SHOUYAN2TIANYISHANGDEXU3~5TIAN。

  2.GENJUZHONGDAOSHENGYUJINCHENGDINGLIUZHUANGGAODU。GEMIAOXULIUHONGSHUIZAISHENGDAODELIUZHUANGGAODUWEI5~7CUN,SHENGYUQIPIANCHIDELIUZHUANGGAODUYINGDIXIE,SHENGYUQIPIANZAODEYINGLIUGAOXIE。

  3.JISHIZHUIFEI。ZHUIFEIYAOZAIGEMIAODANGTIANHUOGEMIAOHOUl~2TIANNEIJINXING,MUSHINIAOSU10~15QIANKEHUOSHUIDAOZHUANYONGFUHUNFEI40QIANKE。GEMIAOHOUYAOJIANGGEXIADEDAOCAOJUNYUNFANGZHIXINGJIAN,YIZHIDAOTIANZACAO,ZENGJIAYOUJIFEI。

  4.TIANJIANGUANLI。GEMIAOHOUTIANJIANYINGBAOCHIQIANSHUICENG,LINJINZAISHENGDAOCHOUSUIQISHI,YAOSHIDANGGUANSHENSHUI,YIFANGGAOWENWEIHAI。

秒速赛车开户  5.BINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI。HONGSHUIZAISHENGDAOSHENGZHANGQIJIAN,ZHONGDIANFANGZHISANDAIMINGCHONG、DAOBAOCHONG、WENKUBING、XIJUNXINGHETIAOBINGHEBAIYEKUBINGDENG。WENKUBINGMUYONG25%JINGGANGMEISUSHUIRONGXINGFENJI40KEDUISHUIPENWUFANGZHI;DAOBAOCHONGMUYONG40%SANZUOLINRUYOU120~150HAOSHENGHUO10%MIJUZHIXUANFUJI80~100HAOSHENG,DUISHUI45SHENGPENWUFANGZHI;

  (三)严重毁损田块及时改种 

  DUIYUZAOSHOUYANZHONGHUISUNYIWUFAWANJIUHUOSHOUZAIJIAOZHONG、DUANQINEIWUFAHUIFUTIANKUAI,YINGJIZAODUITIANKUAIJINXINGQINGLI,JISHIGAIBUZHONGQITALIANGJINGZUOWU,ZUIDAXIANDUJIANGDIZAIHAIYINGXIANG,BIMIANGENGDILIAOHUANG。

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